Skip to main content

Full text of "In memoriam: Catherine S. Campbell Beckett"

See other formats

I X( /'"':'•" 


S. G. and E. L. ELBERT 

^ml^< : 0^^^'^— HH 


Oa & 

%^ **~ 


/•'.<•- "> 

/ $rft 

Q 7 ? 
1 / J 







JJi*s*ttW> W 







Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2012 with funding from 

Boston Library Consortium Member Libraries 

In Memoriam. 







Introduction 5 

Historical Sketch . . 14 

Funeral Services 19 

Resolutions of the Churches 49 

Memorial Meeting 55 

Testimony of her Husband 67 

Letters of Condolence 73 

Her Productions and Selections 78 

Addenda 100 


By B. T. Tanner, D.D, 

Says the Christian : 

"Oh, no! it is no flattering lure, 

No fancy, weak or fond; 
When hope would bid us rest secure 

In better life beyond. 
Nor love, nor shame, nor grief, nor sin, 

Her promise may gainsay 
The voice divine hath spoke within, 

And God did ne'er betray/' 

Says the unbeliever : 

" Alas ! I have nor hope nor health, 
Nor peace within, nor calm around; 

Nor that content surpassing wealth, 
The sage in meditation found 
And walked in leisure glory crown'd." 


Echoing the sentiment of the lines first 
given, it is to be steadfastly affirmed that 
Christian people not only live happily, but 
always die well ; aye more, it is to be af- 
firmed that such die triumphantly, and that, 
too, despite the circumstances attending 
either their living or their dying. No sub- 
ject of the realm, howsoever little or un- 
known, died more gloriously than did Wil- 
liam IV, of whom, in his last moments, it 
is said, he "collected all his rapidly declin- 
ing strength to avow his ' steadfast belief 
in the grand doctrines of Christianity, and 
the comfort which he derived from its pre- 
cepts, promises and hopes." No unlettered 
soldier of the Salvation Army of to-day 
dies more triumphantly than did the phil- 
osopher, John Locke. "I know you loved 
me," said he in a note left to his friend, 
Antony Collins, with directions to deliver it 
to him after his decease — "I know you 
loved me living, and will preserve my 
memory when I am dead. All the use to 
be made of it is, that this life is a scene of 
vanity which soon passes away, and affords 


no solid satisfaction but in the conscious- 
ness of doing well, and in the hopes of an- 
other life. This is what I can say upon 
experience, and what you will find to be 
true when you come to make up the ac- 
count." Not even our own humble Rich- 
ard Barney — Father Barney we called him, 
who in his last hours said : " Tell the breth- 
ren, I meet death without daunt, fear or 
alarm " — died more resigned than did 
Edward, Duke of Kent, who, cut off in an 
unexpected moment, said : "This is sudden ; 
but, I am persuaded, is for the best. I 
confidently leave the princess* to One 
above who cannot err. I feel that He will 
watch over her and protect her. Earthly 
parents err, fondly and fatally : He can- 
not." And what layman, however unpre- 
tentious, ever died nearer the pearly gate 
than did Rev. Shute Barrington, the great 
Bishop of Salisbury and Durham. " I must 
not die wealthy," he wrote on the very 
verge of the grave. "It is criminal in a 

* The princess here mentioned is the present Queen of Eng- 
land, whose reign of a half century has been so signal. 


bishop. Your cautions are misplaced ; 
don't repeat them. lam but a steward; 
and you must remember that it is expected 
in a steward that he be mindful of his trust." 

And so die all of God's people. Race 
nor nation, age nor civilization, attainments 
nor conditions, power nor place, have ought 
to do with the matter. It is securely and 
entirely in the Father's keeping ; and one 
who knows hath said: " Precious in the 
sight of the Lord is the death of His saints." 

How true all this was of the dead whom 
we so lovingly remember may be seen by 
reading this, In Memoriam. Sadly tried 
in her last moments, Charlotte Elizabeth, 
being asked how she stood it, replied : " It 
is the love of Jesus that sustains me." 

And was it not so with our dead ? Simi- 
larly tried, did she not similarly triumph ? 
Katie's trials — we speak thus familiarly of 
her with a respect that is akin to reverence 
itself — her trials, trials peculiar to dying, 
we mean, and which no nearness to the 
Fathers' s bosom can utterly assuage — what 
were they ? And first, she was compara- 


tively young. Young people instinctively 
shrink back from death. They may really 
be said to have somewhat of a horror of it. 
And it is well they do. A strong and gen- 
uine love of life is in every way necessary 
to the successful performance of life's 
duties. Take this away, and the world 
and man will not be what we see to-day. 
It is therefore that Nature herself implants 
this strong love of life in the young, to the 
end that they " may finish the work given " 
them to do. Our beloved dead, then, be- 
ing young, may be supposed to have had 
an attachment to life as strong as any of 
her age. When, therefore, Death came to 
break the silken cord, his first approach 
was doubtless of the nature of a shock. 
But her saintly nature soon asserted itself, 
and above the din of fast approaching mor- 
tality, the clarion notes of victory in the 
blood of the Lamb were heard. 

But Katie was not only young, and may, 
therefore, as we have said, be supposed to 
have greatly desired to live, but she was 
happily mated and had been for more than 


a decade of years. Oh, the strength of 
such love ! If the love of David and Jona- 
than, two men, could be called " wonder- 
ful/ ' what may we not say of the love that 
binds a happily mated husband and wife ? 
Here it is that woman's love, the love of 
which minstrels have sung and poets have 
written, is seen, if not at its best, certainly 
at its highest : 

" Set me as a seal upon Thine heart, 
As a seal upon Thine arm : 
For love is as strong as death.' ' 

Yet, when the word came for the sever- 
ance of such love, it was heard, if not with 
perfect joy, certainly with perfect resigna- 

Youthful and happily mated, as we have 
seen, she was the mother of a numerous 
family. Ah, the strength of a mother s 
love ! Parental love is the strongest known ; 
and of the parental, the maternal is the 
stronger. This, Scripture teaches by the 
plainest inference. As illustrative of the 
nearness and the dearness of the relation- 


ship existing between God and His saints 
the love parental is referred to : " Behold, 
what manner of love the Father hath be- 
stowed upon us, that we should be called 
the sons of God" (i John 3 : 1). But as 
illustrative, not of the relationship of the 
saints to God, but of God's love for the 
saints, the love maternal is presented : 
" Can a woman forget her sucking child, 
that she should not have compassion on the 
son of her womb ? Yea, these may forget, 
yet will not I forget thee" (Isa. 49: 15). 
As we have said, Katie was a mother ; boys 
four, girls three, seven in all. And such 
girls ! especially such boys ! If the heart 
of the pagan mother of the Gracchi could 
exult, especially in her boys, in anticipa- 
tion of what under a kind Providence they 
might become, how much more the Chris- 
tian mother exult. That Katie rejoiced in 
her numerous offspring is without ques- 
tion. Aware of what awaited them, espe- 
cially the eldest, upon whose already manly 
shoulders the sure rights and honors of 
primogenitureship have already been set- 


tied, she had every reason to expect great 
things of them in the near future. We 
have no idea she asked, with the mother 
of Zebedee's children : " Command that 
these my two sons may sit one on thy 
right hand and one on thy left hand in thy 
kingdom (Matt. 20 : 21); but we do have an 
idea that, like Susanna Wesley, who so 
kept the future of her children before her 
as to say with this justly famed woman in 
one of her letters to John Wesley :."..', 
you do not know what work God may have 
for you to do . . ," But alas ! alas ! with 
bright visions of their future usefulness and 
honor, such as her sweet motherly nature 
would be most likely to conjure up, daz- 
zling her eyes, she is called suddenly away. 
In one short week all proved, in so far as 
her earthly seeing went, a mere dream, a 

How royally she died, one has only to 
read and see. 

In presenting this volume to the public, 
the editor, Rev. Levi J. Coppin, puts the 
Church again under a debt of gratitude. 


When quite a decade younger than he now 
is he gave the Church a small In Memoriam 
of Wealthy Dorsey of blessed memory. 
Later on a similar volume of Arthur Tate, 
for years a power in Old Bethel. And now 
comes this, which all must confess a volume 
of rare merit. May the reception it re- 
ceives be altogether in keeping with his 
painstaking labor of love. And may the 
sweetness of the odor of Katie's life fill all 
the churches ; and the bewitching beauty 
of her career prove contagious to our 
daughters of Zion. Having lived well, 
and died well, we know she rests well. 

Church Review Room, 631 Pine St. 

wmmiml SftettD* 

At 1 123 North nth Street, Philadelphia, 
Penna., resides a venerable man, who is 
as well known for his piety and philan- 
thropy as for his energy and learning. 
Although he has passed his three-score- 
and-ten years, he is as active as a youth 
and says he enjoys as good health as he 
did twenty years ago. 

For years it has been his custom to rise 
at four in the morning, spend the first 
hours in prayer and in reading the Scrip- 
tures, then occupy himself in the study of 
scientific works and current literature. 

The person referred to is Jabez P. 
Campbell, D.D., one of the Bishops of 
the African Methodist Episcopal Church, 
and, with one exception, the oldest man now 
on the Bench. He was married, October 
10th, 1844, in the city of New York, to 



Mrs. Stella Medley, a young widow, who 
was a native of Baltimore, Md. 

On the 8th day of July, 1852, there was 
born to them a daughter whom they called 
Catherine Stella. This person — Cather- 
ine Stella Campbell — afterwards familiarly 
known as Kate S. Campbell Beckett, is 
the subject of this memorial, which is re- 
spectfully dedicated to her relatives and 
friends in particular and the women of 
the race in general. 

Her mother died when she, Katie, was 
but twenty-two months old. No one can 
fail to appreciate the responsibility which 
rested upon her father for the rearing and 
training of this infant daughter. In 1854 
he came to the city of Philadelphia by the 
appointment of the authorities of the 
Church, and was made the Editor of the 
Christian Recorder, the organ of the 
Church, and in addition to this he was 
made General Book Steward and Pastor 
of Union Church, then located at Fifth 
Street and Fairmount Avenue. In the 
following year, 1855, he was united in 


marriage to Mrs. Mary A. Shier, and little 
Katie, being three years old, fell heir to a 
stepmother. The marriage proved to be 
a most happy event. The stepmother be- 
came in every essential way a real mother, 
as well as a faithful and loving wife. She 
so impressed her own amiable character 
upon little Katie that it is hard to decide 
whether the excellent womanhood, into 
which she so early developed, was most 
due to heredity or environment ; however, 
in order to do justice to both sides, let us 
bear in mind that these are the two factors 
which make the sum of human character. 
The days of her childhood were charac- 
terized by those traits which make the 
model child, such as meekness, gentleness 
and obedience. Becoming a Christian 
early in life, she naturally broadened upon 
those lines already most prominent in her 
character. But as there are contributions 
to this memorial, which take up more in 
detail her early womanhood, including 
her career at school, I shall omit further 
mention of it here. Suffice it to say that 


Philadelphia became her permanent home. 
Her father, being elected to the office of 
Bishop, did not itinerate, as is commonly 
the lot of Methodist preachers. So Phila- 
delphia became her permanent home till 
by marriage her lot was cast into the itin- 
erant ranks. 

She was married to Rev. John W. Beck- 
ett, at Philadelphia, on the 9th day of No- 
vember, 1876, and went with him to his 
appointment at Hagerstown, Md., and 
subsequently to Baltimore, Md., and to 
Bethel Church, three years ; thence to 
Philadelphia Union Church, two years; 
to Wilmington, Del., Bethel Church, three 
years, and back to her original home, Phil- 
adelphia, and this time to Bethel Church. 

It is worthy of special notice that at each 
and all of the places above mentioned she 
was universally beloved. It would seem, 
indeed, that she made no foes. The love- 
liness and evenness of her character had a 
magnetic effect upon all, by which they 
were drawn to her to the extent of real 
and permanent attachment. . 


Her family life was most happy. She 
was a faithful, loving and trustful wife and 
mother. How she managed her house- 
hold is told upon another page, and what 
she thought of the character of her hus- 
band is also given in her own words. 

It was her lot to be the mother of a con- 
stantly increasing family ; but the numer- 
ous and important responsibilities of such 
a lot were met with that equanimity, forti- 
tude and resignation which was so charac- 
teristic of her in every relation of life. 

After a brief illness of but ten days she 
departed this life in the triumph of Chris- 
tian faith, on the second day of February, 
1888, leaving to mourn her loss an aged 
and loving father, a devoted stepmother, a 
kind husband and seven children, the oldest 
eleven years and the youngest but eleven 
days old. 

jFttHirtral SniJicts* 

The funeral took place at Bethel A. M. 
E. Church, on Monday morning, February 
6th, 1888, at ten o'clock. 

The day was mild and beautiful. The 
sun shone as it but seldom does in Febru- 
ary, and it was estimated that from two 
thousand to twenty-five hundred people 
attended the services. All who could not 
crowd into the stately and historic building 
were content to wait outside, with the hope 
of at least witnessing the solemn proces- 
sion as it followed casket and bier to the 
waiting hearse. 

The services, according to arrangement, 
began at about ten o'clock. Rev. L. J. 
Coppin, pastor of Allen Chapel, officiated 
and delivered substantially the following 
address : 



/ Thess. 4: ij 9 14. 

" But I would not have you to be igno- 
rant, brethren, concerning them which are 
fallen asleep, that ye sorrow not, even as 
others which have no hope," etc. 

This epistle is the earliest of St. Paul's 
writings. On account of the opposition of 
the unbelieving Jews he was driven from 
Thessalonica. But there were many who 
did believe, and about these the Apostle 
was much concerned. He very much de- 
sired to visit them that he might encour- 
age and strengthen them while in the midst 
of fiery trials. But being unable to go 
himself he sent Timothy, who returned 
with an encouraging account of their faith 
and steadfastness, but reported that they 
were amid great persecutions and trials ; 
moreover, that they were somewhat per- 
plexed concerning the second coming of 
our Lord and of the true state of the dead. 
This message from Timothy furnished the 
occasion for the writing of this epistle. 

After his usual and peculiar salutation 


Paul proceeds to commend their faith and 
exhort them to steadfastness. Then he 
comes to the important subject that was 
causing them such distress of mind, and 
concerning this he tells them he would not 
have them to be ignorant. 

This all-absorbing desire of the Thessa- 
lonian Christians to know something more 
certain about the state of the dead was 
nothing new. It is one of those subjects 
that forces itself upon the mind of man- 
kind. In the recent controversy at An- 
dover upon eschatology, it came to light 
that one of the first things that the heathen 
wants to know after he embraces Chris- 
tianity is, what has become of his ancestors 
who are dead. 

Christianity speaks authoritatively con- 
cerning those who depart this life. St. 
Paul, in speaking of the Christian's death, 
is wont to call it, sleep. In referring to 
David he says : " After he had served his 
generation, by the will of God fell on sleep." 
St. Stephen is said to have fallen asleep. 
Then, our Lord uses similar language. 


Says He, "The maid is not dead but sleep- 
eth." Concerning Lazarus He says, 'T 
go to awake him out of sleep." 

Those sayings are significant. What 
the Christian needs to do is to catch the 
idea that those words are intended to con- 
vey. When we think of death we associate 
with it the thought of destruction, annihila- 
tion ; but not so with sleep ; this suggests 
rest, repose, refreshment. 

Of course I do not say that there should 
be no feeling of sadness ; this would be 
unnatural. Who can look upon the scene 
before us without a feeling of sadness ? 
Who would not in his innermost soul sym- 
pathize with these parents, this husband 
and these children ? No, I do not ask 
that you be inhuman, but I beg you not 
to sorrow as those who have no hope. 

It is by looking at the subject from the 
standpoint of the text that we can under- 
stand the words of Our Lord, where He, 
adressing those who followed Him to the 
cross, said : " Weep not for me, but for 
yourselves and for your children. " He had 


said to them, " I go to my Father/ ' but they 
could not understand why He must needs 
go the way of Calvary. So it is with us. 
When the pale horse and his rider approach 
we shrink back with fear, if not despair. But 
in the words of our Lord we would say, 
"Weep not." Those who die in the Lord 
have but fallen asleep in Jesus ; they have 
made their escape from the evils of this life ; 
they are free from the worlds temptations. 
But weep for those who are yet in the midst 
of the battle, and may be overcome. 

Our Lord knew how hard it would be for 
the disciples to become reconciled to His 
departure from them. So he carefully 
avoided any mention of His death till late 
in His ministry. And then, before doing 
so, He had them make a public confession 
of His Messiahship. And still, to further 
strengthen their faith and prepare them 
for the terrible shock that would come upon 
them on account of His demise, He prom- 
ised that some of them should not taste of 
death till they saw the Son of Man coming 
in His kingdom. • What this meant is evi- 


dently explained by the visit upon the 
"holy mount" and the transfiguration. 
There, before "some of them/ ' viz.: Peter, 
James and John, Christ appeared, not as 
they were accustomed to see Him, but in 
His glory. There also were Moses and 
Elijah, who, though having died (?), fallen 
asleep centuries before, appear also with 
Him in glory, and they hold conversation 
with Him. Here the naked eye of those 
representative Apostles is permitted to gaze 
upon a soul in its spirit form. By this they 
see the reality of "life after death." Here 
their hope of a glorious immortality with- 
out corruption and defilement cannot but 
be strengthened. 

I have no thought that our sister would 
exchange worlds at this moment, even if 
she could. The glories of the spirit world 
far exceed anything that the human heart 
can conceive of, even when the strongest 
imagination is drawn upon. The Chris- 
tian's death is but a grateful release from 
this world, where life is imperfect, and a 
promotion to life real, to life fadeless and 


There are others to speak, therefore I 
must close my remarks ; but before doing 
so, I wish to refer definitely to two of the 
many excellent traits of our sisters charac- 
ter, and I do so especially for the benefit 
of our young women. 

First. — As to an early Christian life. 
There are many who seem to get an idea 
that Christianity is for persons of riper 
years. That the normal way to spend 
early manhood and womanhood is amid 
the gaieties and pleasures of the world. 
That consecration to the cause of Christ 
would not only be difficult to make, but if 
made, would deprive the person making it 
of what justly belongs to the first years of 
one's life. But what a sad mistake this is! 
Christianity was never intended to in any 
way interfere with our happiness ; to the 
contrary, it is its mission to teach what true 
happiness is, and to prepare one to live in 
the enjoyment of it. It is the delusive ar- 
gument of Satan, that holds up worldly 
pleasure as happiness. There is nothing 
that can bear testimony so correctly as ex- 


perience, and it is the universal testimony 
of all young persons who become Christians 
early in life, and who live in the enjoyment 
of its blessings, that their happiness and 
safety is more dependent upon that fact 
than it is upon all of life besides. They 
come to learn the difference between what 
is real and what only seems to be. They 
are saved from a thousand snares from 
which nothing else offers absolute protec- 
tion By giving themselves early to the 
Lord they are brought into such associa- 
tions as will develop their moral and relig- 
ious characters, giving them strength and 
permanence of character that they could 
not otherwise have. 

There is nothing like making a decision 
on the right side and at the proper time. 
The habit of vacillating is not only danger- 
ous because it hazards one's salvation, but 
also in that it builds up a character that is 
altogether weak and uncertain. A thing 
that is right and good should be accepted 
at once, lest the desire to do so be lost. 

Sister Beckett gave herself to Christ in 


the days of her youth, before entering upon 
the stern realities of life. This decisive 
step determined her future course and 
enabled her, right in the prime of life, to 
meet death without fear, so that it can be 
truly said of her : She fell asleep. 

Second. — As to the duties of married 
life. When one enters into the bonds of 
matrimony, an epoch is marked in his life. 
Jt is the completion of an old condition and 
the beginning of a new. This truth applies 
with equal force both to the man and to 
the woman. So many sacrifices are to be 
made, that many refuse to make them. 
This is a question that should be most 
thoroughly considered beforehand, and so, 
when the new life is entered upon, it should 
be with a determination to be true to the 
trust. While there are joys awaiting this 
union, "instituted by God in the time of 
man's innocency," there may also be sor- 
rows in waiting. With many advantages 
come also disadvantages. It will often 
occur that one's own will must be set aside 
for the general good of all. . The heroic 


young woman whom we honor to-day was 
not wanting in this respect. She was a 
model wife. She bore with Christian forti- 
tude the lot of a young mother, and met 
the arduous responsibilities of her house- 
hold in a way that would do credit to one 
of much greater experience. 

I now read from a paper which contains 
a brief biographical sketch, and also words 
spoken by her to those who were last at 
her bedside : 

"Mrs. Beckett, or 'little Katie Camp- 
bell/ addressed by those who have known 
her from birth, was an estimable woman. 
From childhood she possessed qualities of 
amiability, humility and obedience which 
caused her to be admired by many. She 
was the constant companion of her mother, 
separated only when necessity compelled. 
They counseled together and shared each 
others joys and sorrows. They were more 
like equals and associates than mother and 
daughter. Katie was deeply pious. From 
childhood she was religiously inclined ; but 
not until the meetings held by Moody and 


Sankey in this city, 1875, did she clearly 
see the light. On Thursday morning, No- 
vember 9th, 1876, she was united in wed- 
lock to Rev. J. W. Beckett, going imme- 
diately with him to his appointment in 
Hagerstown, Md. As a wife she was lov- 
ing, true, kind and affectionate. She lived 
to please her companion ; she was the 
queen of the house, none was ever placed 
before her. There and in that home she 
exhibited that modest, quiet and loving 
character. She was never heard to utter 
an impatient word, always in great sym- 
pathy with the arduous duties of her hus- 
band, and gave advice in the right spirit. 

As a mother she was kind, loving and 
indulgent, yet firm and positive. Her chil- 
dren were devoted to her. Notwithstand- 
ing the many cares incumbent by the large 
family and other responsibilities, she was 
never abusive nor used impatient epithets 
to her children. She took delight in try- 
ing to answer their many and intricate 
questions. She never was demonstrative 
nor allowed herself to become excited. 


She took much time and care, believing 
anything worth doing should be well done. 
She endeavored to treat every one with 
the utmost politeness and respect, and 
never found time to indulge in speaking 
evil of any one. 

" Her death was very unexpected. On 
last Wednesday morning the physician, 
perceiving the change, informed the hus- 
band that there were very slight hopes of 
her recovery. On Wednesday evening 
she very affectionately kissed her husband 
and said, 'John Wesley, preach the word; 
preach Jesus and Him crucified. You will 
have much opposition and will be falsely 
accused, but remember Jesus says, 'Blessed 
are ye when men shall revile you and per- 
secute you, and shall say all manner of evil 
against you for my sake, rejoice and be 
exceedingly glad ; for great is your reward 
in heaven.' Hold up the standard for 
Jesus. Hold it high. Never allow it to 
trail. Jesus will help you. Don't dodge 
in and out, but live for Jesus. Keep close 
to Jesus. D6 not go ahead of Him, nor be- 


hind, but keep close at His side. Jesus is 
the same yesterday, to-day and forever. 
He is with me and He will be with you, 
Will you trust Him ? ' She then sank in 
unconsciousness ; when she aroused she 
was weeping. In the presence of Sisters 
Hodges, Rodgers and Clark, Sister Eliza- 
beth Ralls inquired, ' Sister Beckett, why 
do you weep. Are you in pain?' 'No, 
ma'am, I have not had any pain this day. 
I am happy. I am glad that I am saved. 
I never was demonstrative in religion, but 
Jesus is with me and I am resting in His 
love. Sister Hodges, my husband is 
a Christian. He lives it at home and 
abroad ; out of Church and in the Church. 
I know him. I have lived with him ove/ 
eleven years and I know whereof I speak. 
He will have opposition, but He that is for 
him is more than all that can be against 
him/ Her last sentences, uttered before 
death, on arousing from slumber, were: 

' And are we yet alive, 

And see each other's face ; 
Glory and praise to Jesus give 

For His redeeming grace.' " 


Having thus said she fell asleep, and 
her sainted spirit took its flight to the 
mansions of eternal bliss. 

Rev. B. T. Tanner, Editor of the A. M. 
E. Church Review ; Rev. C. T. Shaffer, 
Pastor of Union A. M. E. Church, Phila- 
delphia, and Mrs. Fanny Jackson Coppin, 
Principal of the High School (of which the 
deceased was a graduate), also President 
of the Parent Mite Missionary Society, in 
which she labored so faithfully, all spoke. 
Their addresses are given in the order in 
which they were delivered. 

©r. £atmeir'0 ®toree0. 

In the presence of this vast multitude, 
need I ask the occasion of their assem- 
bling? Ah! it is already too well known. 
A calamity that rises to the dignity of a 
sad event has happened to us. Socially, 
it is as though a cyclone had swept down 
upon us, carrying before it all that we love; 


it is as though a mighty flood-tide had 
rushed in bearing away upon its raging 
bosom all that our hearts had been set 
upon ; it is as though we had experienced 
a mighty earthquake, leveling to the earth 
— and leveling, too, to rise no more, all 
that we deemed precious on earth. And 
yet, in the face of all this that is to us as a 
cyclone, as a madly rushing flood-tide, in 
the face of this earthquake, standing here 
as I do the representative of Him who 
doeth according to His will in the armies 
of heaven and among the children of men, 
standing, I say, as a representative of the 
God who is invisible and whose voice can- 
not be audibly heard with mortal ears, I 
plead for resignation to both His will and 
His way: Be resigned, be resigned. I 
know it is seemingly hard and not to be 
understood, to say nothing of being joyfully 
appreciated, and yet, despite all, I stand 
here and plead for perfect resignation to 
His providence. Oh, venerable Bishop, 
you who are moaning the loss of an only 
child, be resigned to this awful stroke. 


Oh, my dear brother Beckett, you who are 
lamenting the loss of a wife, the loss of 
Katie, whom we all so tenderly loved, be 
resigned, be resigned. Murmur not at His 
chastening, howsoever severe. Rather kiss 
the smiting rod. I do not pretend to ex- 
plain what God has now done ; for verily 
are His ways in the deep, and as the Psalm- 
ist says : No man can follow Him. This 
only do I say: Recognize what God hath 
done. See in it the smiting of the heavenly 
Father. From the clouds hear this Heav- 
enly Father say: "Oh, my grief-stricken 
children of earth, be resigned. I cannot 
make you always see my love ; but believe 
me, my dear children, I am doing all in 
love, as you yourselves will see when the 
veil falls from your vision." And so ad- 
dressing myself not only to these stricken 
ones, but to this vast assembly, I say to 
one and to all: Be resigned. Believe that 
God in love hath done this — believe, I say, 
and dry up your tears ; believe, and bid the 
heart be still. All will be explained by-and- 
by. Now we see through a glass darkly, 


but when the time shall come, as come it 
shortly will, when the shimmering rays 
from the Throne of God will flit across our 
pathway, and we shall see light in the light 
of God, then will He be justified in all His 
ways, and we be able to take up the glad 
strain: "Justandtrueartthouin all thy ways, 
O King of Saints." It is Isaiah who speaks 
of the coming of the time when we "shall 
see the King in His beauty " — the beauty 
of His character, the beauty of His works, 
the beauty of His providence. It is to this 
last especially that the poor, sorrow-bur- 
dened soul of earth can look with joy. How 
hard does the Divine providence often 
seem, and seldom harder than on the pres- 
ent occasion. And yet the time will come ; 
His every act of providence will be seen to 
be glorious, in that it will be seen to have 
glorified God, and to have made man fit to 
be as a living stone in the temple of our 
God. In the words of Watts let us say: 

" Then let our songs abound, 
Let every tear be dry. 

We're marching through Emmanuel's ground 
To fairer worlds on high." 


$toreee of (Re& C. Z> gaffer. 
My Dear Friends : 

I find myself, for several reasons, un- 
fitted for the discharge of the duty which 
now devolves upon me, chief among which 
is the relationship which has existed for 
years between our bereaved brother Beck- 
ett and myself. While sitting here my 
mind ran back over seventeen years to the 
time when he and I together entered the 
Christian ministry in the Ohio Annual Con- 
ference. Since that time our relations have 
ever been of the most pleasant character, 
I having always considered him among my 
truest and most reliable friends; hence I 
rather feel like being there by his side 
than here attempting to speak. 

Nevertheless, as a special train of thought 
has been suggested by the contents of the 
paper just read by Elder Coppin, I will 
try and make a few remarks based upon 
the paper and that sublime utterance of 
the Psalmist (116: 15): "Precious in the 
sight of the Lord is the death of His saints" 


Death, with all we can do or say, is a 
sad event There are sad phases of which 
it can never be divested, and so with this 
one ; a great sorrow has fallen upon us. 
The force, however, of these sad phases 
is greatly lessened when we view the 
event in the light of revealed truth and in 
its relation to God, in whom we all live 
and move. 

The Psalmist, speaking by the inspira- 
tion of the Spirit, and therefore for God, 
declares that in God's sight, howsoever sad 
it may be to us, the death of one and there- 
fore all of His saints is a most precious 

Death, as we have just heard, is but a 
sleep ; hence we shall use the term death 
in that sense, for though the terms may 
not be synonymous ordinarily, in the light 
of Holy Writ, they may be used as con- 
vertible terms. The precious death is that 
of a saint. 

Letias then inquire what are the char- 
acteristics of a saint. A saint is an indi- 
vidual who, by faith in Christ and true re- 


pentance toward God, has entered into 
covenant relations with the Divine Master, 
who therefore, in life or death, trusts His 
grace, relying upon Him for salvation. 

The death of such an one is precious in 
God's sight, first, because it is a quiet, peace- 
ful one ; no fear or dread of the change — 
no fear of the monster, Death. It further is 
a precious death, because it is full of trust 
in God and hope in immortality. It is even 
more, it is an heroic death. " Though He 
slay me, yet will I trust Him." 

I is precious, because it is an absolutely 
triumphant death. The world is under their 
feet, is absolutely conquered ; the flesh is 
conquered, our doubts and fears all have 
been banished, cast down, and we rise on 
the wings of faith to the high position 
whence we can behold things as they are, 
and repeat with the Apostle: "I have 
fought the fight and kept the faith, and am 
therefore ready to be offered up." In the 
light of what we have heard it will be 
acknowledged that there is an apt illustra- 
tion of this most beautiful passage. 


The death of Sister Beckett was one of 
peacefulnesSy calmness, hopefulness. She 
approached death with the calm delibera- 
tion which characterized her in all her life, 
without pomp or parade or flourish, in 
simple confidence in the Lord Jesus Christ, 
through whose grace and by whose merit 
she triumphed over the world, the flesh and 
the adversary of mortal flesh. 

Hence her death, as one of God's saints, 
was a precious one, being full of peace, of 
trust, of faith, of joyous assurance and quiet 
resignation to the Divine Will. 

We therefore, in conclusion, would say, 
while we can but mourn, we do not mourn 
as those who have no hope, for our loss is 
her eternal gain. To the bereaved hus- 
band and parents we would say, look up 
and take comfort in the thought of the pre- 
ciousness of the death of Sister Beckett, 
your loved one, who, though her remains 
are here, has attained to the rest which 
awaits God's people. Take to yourselves 
the comfort of the Gospel of our Lord Jesus 
Christ, who doeth all things well, and who 
will give you grace for every day. 


May God bless you, and especially may 
He let His richest blessing rest upon these 
little motherless children, and may they be 
overshadowed by the Divine Providence 
and Grace of God, which is over all, and 
who is blessed forever more. The Lord 
comfort your heart, therefore, my brother, 
and may we each, when this life shall wind 
to a close, be prepared and willing to go 
as was your dear companion, that in that 
better kingdom there may be a reunion of 
the family and loved ones, where separa- 
tion never more will come, where sickness 
is unknown and where joy and bliss are 
complete and eternal. 

The Lord bless this congregation and 
impress this solemn lesson upon our minds, 
that we may all prepare to meet the mons- 
ter Death at his coming, with joyous antici- 
pation of a blessed immortality. 


$tore60 of (JWm $anwg %c&Bon Coppin. 

I stand before you to-day to express, in 
behalf of the Women's Mite Missionary 
Society of the A. M. E. Church, our sincere 
appreciation of the life and character of 
our dear sister and co-laborer, Mrs. Katie 
S. Beckett, our sincere sympathy on this 
sad occasion, and our deep sense of her 
fervent devotion to the missionary cause 
for more than fourteen years. She was one 
of that noble band that met in this church, 
August nth, 1872, and founded the 
Women's Parent Mite Missionary Society, 
which, by the grace of God and the faith- 
ful devotion of such workers as she, has 
largely increased the usefulness of the home 
and foreign missionary work of the Church. 

Wherever she went the missionary spirit 
deepened and the cause flourished. The 
churches now which are the most zealous 
in sending the Glad Tidings of Salvation 
to those in distant lands, and which con- 
tribute the most generously to the support 
of the work, are those which she established 


while her husband, Rev. John Wesley 
Beckett, was their pastor. 

Mrs. Beckett was educated in this city 
at the Institute for Colored Youth. She 
was sent to this school when a very little 
girl, and came up under the instruction of 
that faithful teacher of precious memory, 
Mrs. Sarah M. Douglass. Those who knew 
Mrs. Douglass will remember with what 
reverence and beauty she read the Scrip- 
tures, and little Katie learned to read them 
as her teacher did. How few there are 
who know how to read God's Holy Word 
with the impressiveness that is due to its 
sacred importance. I will here mention an 
instance in Katie's school life which gives 
the key-note to her character. It is the 
custom in the Institute to open school every 
morning with the recitation of a psalm or 
of Bible verses by the pupils and the read- 
ing of a chapter by the teacher. 

Sometimes a pupil will give the same 
verses so frequently that we get to connect 
the pupil and those verses together. How 
well do I remember seeing Katie's sweet 


face raised to mine while she reverently 
repeated one or another of these verses : 
" Likewise ye younger, submit yourselves 
to the elder. Yea, all of you be subject 
one to another, and be clothed with humil- 
ity, for God resisteth the proud and giveth 
grace to the humble. Humble yourselves 
therefore under the mighty hand of God 
that he may exalt you in due time : casting 
all your care upon Him for He careth for 
you." Katie loved these verses in which 
obedience, reverence, humility and child- 
like trust shine out so conspicuously, and 
these were the traits which marked her 
character, the qualities which distinguished 
her through life, and which now, as precious 
jewels, adorn her immortal spirit. 

She was graduated with honor from the 
High School Department of the Institute 
in 1872, taking the prize of Fifteen Dollars 
for excellence in Latin, conditional upon 
an examination in portions of Caesar, Sal-^ 
lust, Cicero, Virgil and Horace. Although 
thus liberally educated in the classics and 
equally as well trained in mathematics, 


through higher algebra, geometry and trig- 
onometry, yet no one ever knew her to 
make any parade of what she knew. She 
was as unassuming as a little child. The 
simplicity of her character was reflected in 
her manners and in her dress. Refined 
taste and scrupulous neatness marked her 
appearance. I never saw her dressed ex- 
travagantly or gaudily. She gave evidence 
by her daily life that she valued above all 
outward apparel "the adornment of a 
meek and quiet spirit, which in the sight 
of God is of great price." 

It might appear to some persons that 
the life of our dear sister has been prema- 
turely cut off, but I see no incompleteness 
in such a record of opportunities well used 
and of duties faithfully performed, from 
childhood to the last days of her life. " We 
live in deeds, not in years, in heart-throbs, 
not in figures on a dial." How deep and 
abiding must be the consolation which this 
complete life gives to her dear parents. 
For this useful and excellent character did 
not develop itself unaided. It was the 


patient and careful training, the wise guid- 
ance, the upright example of her revered 
father, Bishop Campbell, and of her faith- 
ful foster-mother, Mary Campbell, that so 
influenced little Katie that she became, as 
it were, "planted in the house of the Lord," 
and as she grew to womanhood she in- 
creased more and more in knowledge and 
in goodness, until she came into His heav- 
enly kingdom. Her love of the Scriptures 
and her zeal in the missionary cause were 
imbibed from her father, Bishop Campbell, 
just as in womanly character she seemed 
to me to be the counterpart of her foster- 

To John Wesley Beckett, her devoted 
husband, she left a precious legacy in her 
dying testimony to his Christian character, 
and in her inspiring words, " Hold up the 
Standard of the Cross, hold it high ! " 
Imperishable and never- to-be - forgotten 
words ! 

Overwhelmed with the suddenness of 
the loss, and filled with sorrow at the sight 
of her motherless little ones, I yet say to- 
day to parents, husband and all who mourn : 


" Let us be patient ! These severe afflictions 
Not from the ground arise, 
But oftentimes celestial benedictions 
Assume this dark disguise. 

We see but dimly through the mist and vapors, 

Amid these earthly damps ; 
What seems to us but sad funereal tapers 

May be Heaven's distant lamps. 

Now, what is the lesson which a con- 
templation of the life of this dear one im- 
presses upon us ? Here was a character 
singularly free from any kind of assumed 
importance, from false pride, from personal 
vanity and from worldly self-seeking. 
Therefore in due time our Lord has highly 
exalted her. The tributes of respect shown 
here to-day by nearly three thousand per- 
sons are not those formal observances 
which are due to position and power, for 
Katie held no public position nor did she 
possess what are called "brilliant talents," 
but with singleness of purpose and in the 
beauty of humility she did her plain duty 
day by day in her family, in her church, in 


her society. She served the Mite Mission- 
ary Society as President, and lately as 
Recording Secretary. The last evidence 
of her faithfulness was the carefully written- 
out minutes of the last quarterly meeting 
of the Parent Mite Society which she at- 
tended before her death ; and this work 
must have been done in great weariness, 
for she was even then far from well. 

There is, I doubt not, many a mother 
sitting before me to day who is quietly 
doing her duty, often in weariness and per- 
plexity of spirit, who yet thinks that she is 
accomplishing nothing. But the greatest 
forces of nature operate silently and out 
of sight. "Who does the best his circum- 
stance allows, does well, acts nobly, angels 
could do no more." No one should be 
discouraged then because the real measure 
of her character is not known, and her 
faithfulness and self-denial seem unappre- 
ciated. Very few persons knew what a 
woman Katie was until she died. The 
great artist chisels his statues under the 
curtain of mortal vestments, and it is not 


until death unveils the character that we 
see the beauty wrought by the Master 

I fear that many people will lose heaven, 
because they cannot do without worldly 
honor and the praise of men. Katie sought 
neither, and for that reason she has obtained 
the imperishable honor that fadeth notaway. 
No harassing care as to what might become 
of her little children disturbed the peace of 
her last moments. Comforted and sus- 
tained by the verses which she loved and 
had so often repeated, she was able to cast 
all her care upon Him, who she knew cared 
for her. Thus by aiming to be good, Katie 
could not help doing good ; and her influ- 
ence became like that of the sun, steady, 
noiseless, powerful. 

Those hands now calmly folded in death, 
have ceased from their labors of love and 
duty. But the example of an upright life 
can never die. It becomes a living force, 
which, through the ages to come, will con- 
tinue to inspire others to a more faithful 
use of opportunities, and to higher en- 
deavor in the Christian life. 

Mtuolutiom of ti)e ©tjuttfjes. 

Bethel Church, Philadelphia, 

February 3d, 1888. 

At the meeting of the Official Members 
held on the above date, the following pre- 
amble and resolutions were unanimously 
adopted : 

Whereas, In the exercise of Divine clem- 
ency and mercy various states and con- 
ditions are meted out to humanity, some 
are allotted length of days ; others, to an 
early grave, but each fills his probation ; 

Whereas, We are well assured by Him 
who cannot err, that a sparrow cannot fall 
to the ground without our Heavenly Fath- 
er's notice ; and 

Whereas, It has pleased Him in whose 
hands are all our destinies to remove from 
our midst and from the side of our very ex- 
cellent pastor his most pious, amiable and 
inestimable wife to an endless habitation 
beyond the grave ; therefore be it 

4 (49) 


Resolved, That while we condole our 
brother's loss, and drop a tear of sympathy 
with him and the little ones bereft of a 
mother s care, yet we rejoice in the full as- 
surance that our dear sister and friend, 
Katie S. Beckett, is 

" Safe in the arms of Jesus, 
Safe on His gentle breast, 
There by His love o'ershadowed, 
Sweetly her soul shall rest." 

And be it further 

Resolved, That a copy of these proceed- 
ings be tendered the pastor and his be- 
reaved family, as a token of our sympathy 
and respect. 

Rev. Josiah Eddy, 
Bro. Parker T. Smith, 
Wm. T. Raikes, 
Solomon Bright, 
Augustine J. Dunn, 

Parker T. Smith, Secretary. 

The following was passed by the Sunday- 
school of Allen Chapel : 

Whereas, With deep regret we have 


learned of the death of our beloved sister, 
Katie S. Beckett ; and 

Whereas, We remember with delight 
that she was one of the original twelve 
members of Allen Chapel, and a member 
of and teacher in the Sunday-school, and 
its first Secretary, therefore 

Resolved, By the Sunday-school now in 
session, that while we bow^ with Christian 
submission to the Divine visitation, we feel 
keenly the loss of a life so precious, so ex- 
emplary and so full of good works. 

Resolved, That we enter heartily into 
sympathy with her bereaved husband and 
children and her aged father and mother, 
commending them to the grace of God, 
who doeth all things well. 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolu- 
tions be forwarded to her husband, and also 
one to her father. 

February 5th, 1888. 

Allen Chapel Sunday-School. 

L. J. Coppin, Pastor. 

John H. Parker, Superintendent. 


From Bethel Church, Wilmington, Del.: 

Whereas, It has pleased God, in His all- 
wise Providence, to take from us by the 
hand of death Sister Katie S. Beckett, the 
wife of our esteemed ex-pastor, Rev. J. W. 
Beckett, we bow with humble submission 
to the will of Him who "doeth all things 
well. ,, Having known Sister Beckett while 
in our midst as being a pious, Christian 
worker in the Church, a kind and loving 
mother and an affectionate wife, indeed 
too much cannot be said of her Christian 
virtues ; therefore 

Resolved, That we, the officers, mem- 
bers, Sabbath-school and congregation of 
Bethel A. M. E. Church, of Wilmington, 
Del., tender our love and sympathy to the 
bereaved family. 

Resolved, That we further extend them 
to the Rt. Rev. Bishop J. P. Campbell, 
D.D., and family for the loss of their much- 
beloved daughter, who, it is the sense of this 
body, now sleepeth in the bosom of God. 
We commend, therefore, the residue of the 
family to His holy keeping. 

Resolved, That a copy of these resolu- 
tions be presented to the family of the de- 
ceased, also that they be spread upon the 


minute books of the Boards and published 
in the Christian Recorder and daily papers 
of Wilmington, Del. 

D. P. Hamilton, 
D. A. Jackson, 
J. W. Raikes, 
Mrs. M. E. Carty, 
Mrs. M. E. Miller, 
Mrs. M. E. P^orinson. 

Rev. G. W. Brodie, Pastor. 

W. T. Sterling, Secretary. 

Wilmington, Del. 

The following resolutions were passed 
by the Philadelphia Preachers' Meeting of 
the A, M. E. Church: 

Whereas, The Sovereign Ruler of the 
universe, who doeth all things well, hath 
removed from our midst by the hand of 
death our esteemed and beloved Sister, 
Katie S. Beckett, wife of our respected co- 
laborer in the vineyard of Christ, Rev. John 
W. Beckett; and 

Whereas, Sister Katie S. Beckett was a 


fond and loving mother as well as a kind 
and affectionate wife, and an untiring Chris- 
tian worker; therefore 

Resolved, That the Preachers' Meeting 
of Philadelphia and vicinity tender our 
brother, Rev. John W. Beckett, our heart- 
felt sympathy in his sad bereavement ; and 
be it further 

Resolved, That the sympathy of this 
Preachers' Meeting is hereby tendered to 
vour venerable father in God, Rt. Rev. J. P. 
Campbell, D.D. 

J. B. Stansberry, Chairman, 

J. H. Morgan, 

Geo. M. Witten, 

L. J. Coppin, Secretary, 


Wtmovi&l Jttnttafl* 

It was agreed by the ladies of the Parent 
Mite Missionary Society to hold a Memo- 
rial Meeting in commemoration of the life 
and labors of their two deceased members, 
Mrs. Lydia Wears and Mrs. Kate S. Beck- 
ett. Allen Chapel was selected as the 
place, and Sunday evening, March 4th, as 
the time for holding said meeting. The 
church was crowded beyond seating capac- 
ity, and the meeting from beginning to 
end was unusually interesting. It is often, 
if not generally, the case that upon such 
occasions the time is spent in delivering 
extravagant eulogies upon the deceased 
and in reading complimentary resolutions. 
But this meeting had nobler aims, hence it 
took a different shape. 

The President, in her introductory re- 
marks, brought before the audience in a 



clear and impressive manner the work and 
claims of the Society ; gave a brief history 
of its work in the island of Hayti and San 
Domingo ; told how the missionary cause 
languished there till the "Women's Mite 
Society " was organized and given charge 
of the work ; showed what had been and 
what can be done by the women of the 
Church, and how both of their deceased 
sisters found some time for service in this 
direction, even amid their household duties 
which they so well performed ; urged the 
Church to place a proper value upon its 
women, to encourage and bring them to 
the front, but to be careful and not work 
them too hard ; spoke of the value of the 
work done in a quiet way by unpretend- 
ing persons who were scarcely known to 
the public ; exhorted that due appreciation 
be had for those who faithfully labor at 
home in their families, which labor results 
in the general good of all. 

The singing consisted of choice selec- 
tions rendered by the choir of Allen 
Chapel, "Who are these in bright array," 


a quartette from Bethel Church, Wilming- 
ton, Del, "One sweet, solemn thought," 
and by the Maston Family, of Philadelphia, 
" Nearer my God to Thee," as arranged 
by Edwin Hill. 

The following paper was read by Rev. 
C. C. Felts, M.D. : 

Ladies and Gentlemen: 

I am invited to do a service this evening 
in which honor I would rejoice could I, in 
a becoming measure, satisfy even myself 
that I had expressed my deep feelings 
upon this occasion, and those feelings were 
representative of those to and for whom 
I speak ; I assure you, however, I highly 
appreciate the opportunity of casting in 
my mite of honor due the departed, whose 
almost glorious memory we are here to- 
night to echo along the line of mortality. 
The spirits of the immortal Maria Shorter, 
Julia Knight, Lydia C. Wears, Mary Ella 
Mossell and Katie Campbell Beckett are 
as really present to inspire. the occasion as 


was the sepulchre of David present in 
Palestine with the Apostles one thousand 
years after he had fallen asleep and been 
gathered to his fathers. While the Lord 
had buried the mortal remains of Moses, 
and the mantle of Elijah had imparted re- 
surrecting power to the dry bones of 
Elisha, Peter, James and John testify that 
Moses and Elijah appeared in company 
with Jesus on the occasion of the Trans- 
figuration. Now if these useful souls were 
not asleep, why think once that the precious 
memories of this occasion are in an uncon- 
scious state of rest? No. While their 
bodies are resting or sleeping in the dust, 
their spirits are rejoicing in the redeeming 
love of Christ, and the progress of the 
work of love and mercy in which their 
hands were engaged for the uplifting of 
humanity when with you in body. 

The missionary records of the African 
M. E. Church will show not only the place 
of this Society in the great foreign fields 
of mission work, especially in Hayti and 
Africa, but will show the individual and 


faithful positions that these noble women 
have held since their organization, in Phil- 
adelphia, August nth, 1874. 

The more intimate relations of Mrs. 
Wears and Katie Beckett, belonging to 
the Executive Board of this Society since 
its organization, make their absence the 
more sadly felt in your meetings, and yet, 
as we have intimated, though absent they 
are present. Though their voices are si- 
lent, their vacant seats speak the noble 
sentiments of devoted missionaries, saying, 
Sisters, we are unable to go as foreign 
missionaries to the heathen, but we will 
do what we can ; we will give and support 
those who can and will go ; we will even 
do better, we will give our sons and 
daughters to this, the noblest work of 
human life. The reserve force which many 
persons have is far more powerful in even 
the sharpest conflicts of life, in carrying 
out great purposes, than the booming 
racket attending the ostentatious and af- 
fecting workers in the Master's vineyard. 
The wise can see a forcible and logical 


course of argument in a look ; a word in 
the right place is like ''apples of gold in 
pictures of silver;" "Thou God seest 
me," can refer to the helping agency of 
mortals. A simple look from the Master 
brought Peter to repentance for his denial 
of his Saviour in a trying hour. 

The envied reputation of Mr. Wears as 
a philosopher, unequaled debater and poli- 
tician in an honest sense, does not come 
to him by chance, but that good helpmeet 
did her part in making him great ; but few 
men become great without the assistant 
element of greatness of their wives. Per- 
haps not so much noticed outside of the 
household, yet the holy influence of Sister 
Wears, as seen and felt in this Society, 
may interpret the secret power in that 
representative family. 

Laura C. Holloway, finding a great man 
the offspring of a miserable dwarf in intel- 
lect and morals on the father's side, quotes 
physiologists that the child gets its intel- 
lectual and moral powers from its mother 
and its physical from its father ; but when 


she sees Cornelia sacrificing to the Roman 
mob in the Senate two sons of the best 
blood and highest order of intellect, in an 
effort against land monopoly and autocratic 
tyranny over and against the poor citizen, 
she remembers that that great soul and 
mind came from Scipio Africanus, her 

One said to Bishop Campbell, "You are 
acquainted with the Bible?' Said he, "I 
have lived there fifty years, night and day." 
No marvel then that we have so amiable 
a daughter, noble, self-sacrificing and de- 
voted wife and mother in little Katie 
Campbell Beckett. 

But the best seed sprouted in the best 
soil must produce inferior fruits without 
the skillful hand of the cultivator ; noxious 
weeds will absorb the strength of the soil ; 
contrary winds will warp and twist the 
stems, and the blighted fruits will fail to 
satisfy. Need I refer to the first President 
and present Treasurer of this Society as 
the wise and prudent woman to give do- 
mestic training, and choosing the proper 


school teachers, to make the model preach- 
er's wife in the range of our acquaintance? 
Brother John ! Nearly twenty years 
ago we met at Wilberforce University as 
students for the ministry ; we were or- 
dained at the same time ; I was present 
at your wedding, in 1876, since which time 
I have often looked in on you and Katie, 
and thought I saw a counterpart of the 
needed elements in you two for a brilliant 
success in the A. M. E. Church ministry. 
The one full of the spirit of a true war- 
horse, pawing in the valley for the battle 
of the Lord, yet curbed and directed by the 
check-reins of thoughtful consideration by 
the other ; quick and impetuous almost to 
imprudence, yet not uncontrolled by the 
gentle spirit, loving, yet firm words of the 
other. From her parting words to you I 
am reminded of what Kadijah was to 
Mohamet ; when no one would believe his 
prophecies and follow his instructions she 
stood by him, encouraged him to believe 
what he was teaching was true, and from 
that never depart. May Jesus take her 
place in your heart and life. 


Knowing of the faithfulness of this So- 
ciety as I do, in their work in Hayti and 
Africa, I would not hesitate to accept of an 
appointment in either field. I believe those 
dear departed ones, could they, would 
unite with you in sending a petition to the 
forthcoming General Conference to have 
a Bishop make his home in Africa and one 
in Hayti the next quadrennium. I believe 
they would unite, could they, with you in 
sending your gifted President or tried Cor- 
responding Secretary to London, in June, 
to there be represented in the Worlds 
Missionary Convention. 

I trust I may be pardoned for taxing 
your time and attention, as others are to 
speak ; but allow me once more to refer 
to that galaxy of mortal fame, saints of the 
heavenly rest, Maria Shorter, Lydia C. 
Wears. Taken in a ripe age of woman- 
hood, they have left upon their monuments 
for us traits of character, the best gifts of 
a Nation's glory or a Church's usefulness, 
the elements of model Christian mothers. 
Julia A. Knight, Mary Ella Mossell and 


Katie Beckett, sisters in looks, education 
and refinement, with native abilities tower- 
ing above their sisters, and linked together 
in this missionary work, they leave an im- 
mortal picture on our memories that will 
shine brighter and brighter as time may 
focalize the rays of the beautiful, the lovely 
and the good. 

As Diana Triformes represented the 
colossal strength of female beauty and in- 
fluence in Greece, may not the triune graces 
of these representatives form the Triformes 
of the missionary spirit of the women of 
the African M. E. Church upon the great 
Atlantic of Time, with a face looking 
toward the conversion and refinement of 
America, a face looking toward the redemp- 
tion of the isles of the sea to Christ, and a 
facing looking toward the ultimate triumph 
of the Gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ in 
the dark continent of Africa, our father- 


The following resolutions were read by 
Mrs. Alice Felts, ex-Secretary of the 
Women's Parent Mite Society : 

Philadelphia, Feb. 26th, 1888. 

In calling over the roll of membership at 
the last quarterly meeting of the Women's 
Mite Missionary Society of the A. M. E. 
Church, February 7th, 1888, we find two 
of our members gone, not to meet with us 
again in this life. One of them, Sister 
Lydia A. Wears, having been a member of 
the Executive Board since its organization 
in 1874, was removed in great peace, Jan. 
1 3th, full of years, like a shock of ripe corn, 
gathered into the Master's garner, to that 
rest that remains for the people of God. 
And the other name, that of our Recording 
Secretary, Sister Katie S. Beckett, cut off 
almost in the bloom of youth, in the days 
of hopeful motherhood, taken, as it were, 
from "the evil to come," to be sheltered 
in that house not made with hands, but 
eternal in the heavens. Therefore, while 
we bow tearfully, yet not without hope, and 


prayerfully for submission to the will of 
Him who doeth all things well, yet be it 

Resolved, That we, the members of the 
Women's Mite Missionary Society, have 
lost two faithful and true members, in re- 
gard to their presence, their means and 
their sympathy, not only in this Society, 
but throughout the entire missionary work. 

Resolved, That though we mourn their 
loss, we will not cease our efforts or slack 
our zeal in the cause in which they, with us, 
were interested, but will follow in their foot- 
steps, believing that the path of the just is 
as a shining light, that grows brighter to 
the perfect day. And be it further 

Resolved, That we extend to the bereaved 
families, that of the Rev. Isaiah Wears and 
Rev. J. W. Beckett, with the aged parents, 
our sympathy in these their hours of trouble, 
remembering with them, " Like as a father 
pitieth his children, so the Lord pitieth them 
that fear Him." 

fttnUnxonv of %tv ffluuimvtt. 

My Dear Brother Coppin : 

Your letter requesting me to give a brief 
synopsis of the character of my beloved 
wife is received. It is with feelings of deep 
sorrow that I write, and am yet somewhat 
unprepared to render a satisfactory tribute. 
It was my good fortune to become ac- 
quainted with that modest and inestimable 
young lady, Miss Katie S. Campbell, No- 
vember 9th, 1873, and on November 9th, 
1876, three years to the very date of our 
introduction, we clasped hands in wedlock, 
promising to pursue life's journey together 
" for better, for worse, for richer, for poorer, 
in sickness and in health, to love and to 
cherish till death do us part." While there 
was nothing ostentatious which might cause 
attention, yet her quiet, unassuming, unpre- 
tentious manner made her many admirers. 



After our marriage we went to our appoint- 
ment, Hagerstown, Md., where the con- 
gregation and friends cordially welcomed 
us to the Parsonage, which had been reno- 
vated for our reception. Mrs. Katie Stella 
Campbell Beckett very unceremoniously 
took charge of her household affairs, and 
I found her in every respect a helpmeet, 
a model preachers wife. It seems that our 
Heavenly Father had her trained for such 
a relation, and then guided me in making 
choice of her as a companion with whom 
she was to end her days. She was loyal 
to every vow and womanly virtue. She 
was peculiarly endowed with great tender- 
ness of heart, a sweet temper and remark- 
able patience. She willingly accepted the 
change in life, and true to her vows began 
and continued to make home happy even 
at the sacrificing of some desired pleasure. 
Never did she utter an impatient word, 
even though at times it was deserving ; 
but she would rather suffer an injury than 
to offend or displease. Because of her 
quiet disposition and tenderness of heart 


she could be easily imposed upon by those 
around her. 

The household duties were performed 
with the greatest care and patience, exhibit- 
ing each day that self-abnegating spirit of 
living to please others. Never was she 
too tired, nor any task too burdensome 
for her to perform for the happiness and 
comfort of the family. She never indulged 
in extravagant epithets, frivolous or un- 
charitable conversation, but from a pure, 
tender and loving heart proceeded chaste, 
soft, kind and loving words. Her daily 
life was a constant testimony of that faith 
and trust which she had in Jesus ; perform- 
ing her duties with delight, and in obedience 
to the promptings of her Christian char- 
acter endeavored to exemplify Jesus in all 
things. Having to itinerate and coming 
in contact with so many different disposi- 
tions caused no change in character. 

It cannot be truthfully said that any dis- 
turbance was caused or any friendship 
severed on account of her unguarded ex- 
pressions or talkativeness. 


Whenever there were any misunder- 
standings in Church relations she was not 
the one to meddle ; but if called to express 
an opinion, she would always advise to ad- 
here to the rules by which the organization 
is governed. Her duty as a mother was 
never neglected. She endeavored in love, 
but with much firmness, to train the chil- 
dren in the paths of rectitude. As in every 
relation, so in this most important one did 
she impress upon her children the duty of 
obedience. At the family altar was she 
regularly heard offering prayer, especially 
for her aged parents, husband and chil- 
dren. Her domestic duties were so well 
arranged that the entire family could be 
found in attendance every Sabbath morn- 
ing upon Divine service. We can truth- 
fully quote the saying of the wise man, in 
commendation of her Christian virtues : 
^She openeth her mouth with wisdom, 
and in her tongue is the law of kindness. 
She looketh well to the ways of her house- 
hold, and eateth not the bread of idleness. 
Her children arise up, and call her blessed; 


her husband also and he praiseth her. 
Many daughters have done virtuously, but 
thou excellest them all. Favor is deceitful, 
and beauty is vain : but a woman that 
feareth the Lord, she shall be praised. 
Give her of the fruit of her hands, and let 
her own works praise her in the gates." 
(Prov. 31 : 26-31.) 

Since you would have me write in respect 
to my beloved dead, I hope you will pardon 
all seemingly extravagant expression, for 
to me she was more than I can express or 
describe. These lines are written with a 
very, very sorrowful heart and flooded 
eyes, so that at times, I fear, unfortunate 
sentences will be written. I am trying 
daily to "look to Jesus" who comforts, 
and to our Heavenly Father who is too 
wise to err and too good to treat us un- 

Bishop and Mrs. Campbell lose a loving 
and dutiful daughter. I lose a kind, lov- 
ing and affectionate wife. My children 
lose a kind, loving, tender and affectionate 
mother ; but our loss is her everlasting 


Lose ! No, she is not lost, for the chil- 
dren speak of her as being in Heaven. 
Campbell, my oldest child, ten years of 
age, on awakening from sleep the first 
morning after her death, said : " Papa, what 
did you dream last night ?" "I did not 
dream anything. What did you dream, 
Campbell ?" " I dreamed that I saw many 
angels and mamma standing in the midst of 
them, and she said : ' Campbell, be a good 
boy and you will come where I am/ ' No, 
dear friends, she is not dead. We can 
never forget her. She lives fresh in mem- 
ory to-day. 

As a dutiful and affectionate daughter, 
wife and mother she lives. Her beautiful 
example, her Christ-like character, her last 
legacy, will ever serve as a constant inspi- 
ration to us and to these children, to emu- 
late her noble virtues, and to be more 
faithful to duty. 

I am, your brother in affliction, 

J. W. Beckett. 

Uttttvti of dHotOfoltntt. 

Out of the many letters of condolence 
we publish a few. 

Rev. John Beckett, B.D. 

My Dear Son : — I write to express the 
condolence of my heart for the loss of 
your dear wife, so suddenly taken from 
you by the hand of our Heavenly Father, 
who cannot err nor be unkind. 

Oh ! oh ! oh ! how sad must be your 
heart under such a bereavement, with 
seven helpless children and no mother to 
care for them ! 

But God is as good as He is wise. 
Doubtless He has blessings for you and 
for them yet to be realized in the near or 
distant future. Therefore cry out and say, 
with the noble Patriarch: "The Lord gave 
and the Lord hath taken away, blessed be 
the name of the Lord." May He be to 
your little ones more than a mother, and 
encircle them with such facilities of moral 
and spiritual training as will make their 



intellectuality a great blessing to them- 
selves and their race, as well as sources 
of comfort to you, should you live to see 
and to count three score years and ten. 

One thing is certain, your deep affliction 
will enable you to enter into deeper sym- 
pathy with the afflicted ones of your flock. 
May the Lord bring you out of it as gold 
out of the crucible. 

With tender love and sympathy, I am 
Yours paternally 

206 Ashley St., La Villa. 
Jacksonville, Fla., Feb. 8th 1888. 

Rev. and Dear Brother : — When I re- 
ceived Bishop Campbell's letter stating why 
he could not meet me at Washington on 
the day previously named, I for a moment 
forget my own sorrow to mourn over your 
great loss. A wife who had been to you a 
fruitful vine and yet had not reached her 
prime, possessed of all the traits of Chris- 
tian womanhood, " her sun set while it was 
yet day," to rise again in indescribable 
splendor, in the land where the shadow is 
never seen. 

What a noble testimony was hers ! Well 
may we say with Mrs. Hemans : 


" Leaves have their time to fall 

And flowers to wither at the north wind's 
And stars to set — but all, 

Thou hast all seasons for thine own, O death. 

" Youth and the opening rose 

May look like things too glorious for decay 
And smile at thee, but thou art not of those 

That wait the ripened bloom to seize their 

God be gracious to you and yours, and 
guide you, comfort you, keep you ever- 

We shall meet our loved ones in the 
City where the death angel never flaps his 
raven wings. Until then let us hope, work, 
wait, trust, sing and pray. 

Yours in hope, 

T. M. D. Ward. 

Rev. J. W. Beckett, B.D. 

Dear Brother in Christ: — With deep 
sorrow we heard last night at Allen Chapel 
Teachers' Meeting of your great loss. As 
Brother Coppin told us, with tears in his 
eyes, we felt how impotent we are before 
such crushing sorrow. When under the 
same sorrow my sister said: " Look up, 
look up," she expressed the whole of what 


man can do — direct the sorrowing to the 
dear Saviour, who in all our afflictions cares 
for and is afflicted with us with the deep 
love and sympathy He has for His own. 
I can only say, as the sorrow of days agone 
rolls afresh over my own soul : " Look up, 
brother, look up/ 7 Look up and you will 
not only see the blessed Saviour with His 
hands full of blessing and comfort, but will 
also catch a glimpse of the loved one, glori- 
fied and entranced by the view and near- 
ness of her blessed Jesus, " Like Him" for 
she sees Him eye to eye. O let the thought 
of her everlasting blessedness comfort your 
bleeding heart, and let the blessed Saviour 
fill the void her loss has created, for that 
(I need not remind you) He desires to do, 
and He will do it (see 2 Cor. 1 : 2-4). 

Yours in the fellowship of the Gospel, 

H. S. Ellis, 

1235 N. 13th St. 
Philadelphia, March 2d, 1888. 

P.S. — Please remember me with words 
of sympathy to Bishop and Mrs. Campbell. 

Rev. J. W. Beckett. 

Dear Brother : — Words are inadequate 
to express the sorrow and sympathy I 
would express for you in this your hour of 


affliction, and I know that words could not 
lessen your sorrow. 

"She is not dead, but sleepeth." I can 
only say: Take comfort in this thought, 
you can meet again. I commend you to 
the God who says : " Call upon me in the 
time of trouble, and I will deliver you ;" 
and who does not willingly afflict or grieve 
the children of men, and who comforts His 
children, though He tries them. 

From labor to reward she has gone ; and 
while I cannot say, do not sorrow, yet I 
pray God to strengthen you and help you 
from your heart to say: "Thy will be 

That God may keep you and your little 
ones closely united and direct your every 
movement shall be my prayer. 

Yours, in deepest symyathy, 

M. E. C. Robinson. 
Wilmington, Del., Feb. 6th, 1888. 


Some one has said: "Tell me what a 
person likes, and I will tell you what he is." 
Accordingly, I have thought it would be of 
interest to the reader to have some selec- 
tions from Mrs. Beckett's note book where 
she has carefully written down choice ut- 
terances of thoughtful and good people. 
In some cases she has given her reason for 
preserving them. Here is a case in point, 
and I quote her own words. "Extracts 
from Madame Swetchine's life and letters. 
Madame Swetchine was a woman of extra- 
ordinary talent, had a strong mind and 
was highly educated and accomplished. 
She read and studied much; but in the 
midst of her literary pursuits she devoted 
much time to searching out and relieving 
the poor. I have just finished her life and 



letters, and was particularly pleased with 
the perusal of them. I think some of her 
extracts well worth preserving. February 
6th, 1873. K. S. C." 

Then she proceeds to give the following: 
" Perfection easily endures the imperfec- 
tions of others. God lets remain in the 
most advanced souls certain weaknesses 
disproportionate to their high estate. As 
they leave mounds of earth which they call 
landmarks in a piece of ground which has 
been leveled to show how deep the work 
of man's hands has gone, so God leaves 
in great souls landmarks or remnants of 
the wretchedness He has removed." 

Then follow extracts from various auth- 
ors, such as : 

"The soul has no secret which the con- 
duct does not reveal." — Chinese 

"If I have made out a case for science it 
gives me the right to demand silence when 
I speak of religion/ ' — Liebnitz, 


"When any one has offended me I try 
to raise my soul so high that the offense 
cannot reach it." — Descartes. 

"It is of no use to be angry with things ; 
for our wrath cannot harm them in the 
least/ ' — Marcus Aurelius. 

"Before God can deliver us from our- 
selves, we must undeceive ourselves. ,, — 
Saint Augustine. 

" Doubt is always ignorance/ ' 

" To take up half, and half on trust to try, 
name it not faith, but bungling bigotry/' 

Prudent suggestions for those who would 
hold intercourse about Divine things by St. 
Gregory de Nuzianze : 

" Not that we should not always think of 
God: we should think of Him oftener than 
we breathe ; but we must speak of Him 
only at suitable times/ ' 

"True faith is never shaken/' 


11 Prejudice sees not clearly ; but aver- 
sion sees not at all." — St. Isadore to St. 

" Truth is only developed in the hour of 
need ; time and not man discovers it." — 

' 'Always to begin by doing that which 
costs me most, unless the easier duty is a 
pressing one." 

u To examine, classify and determine at 
night the work of the morrow ; to arrange 
things in the order of their importance, 
act accordingly/' 

"To dread above all things bitterness and 
irritation, to shun display in all things. 
Never to say, or indirectly to recall, any- 
thing to my own advantage. Never to be 
pleased with anything I say myself, nor to 
press my point. To withhold striking re- 
marks.' ' 

" God blesses man not for finding, but 
for seeking." 


" To pay too much attention to the num- 
ber and variety of my sufferings, this is a 
servile weakness, a softening of the will." 

Having given the above quotations from 
" Bonald's " pocket diary, she makes the 
following comment : 

"This distinguished lady, although a 
Roman Catholic, shows forth in her char- 
acter and writings a humble Christian 
spirit. She seemed to be untrammeled by 
the image and saint worship of that Church ; 
all her thoughts seeming to tend toward 
her Maker/' 

There are many more selections in her 
note book equally as indicative of her turn 
of mind as those given. Among others 
is her estimate of the " Memoirs of Agnes 
Jones," by her sister. This work shows 
how a devoted Christian woman gave 
much time to the work of relieving the 
poor, and yet did not neglect her home 
duties. Now is it not interesting to re- 
remember that the selfsame testimony is 
given of her by those who knew her best? 


The note book closes with the following : 

" Oh! never in these vails of shame 
Sad fruits of sin my glory be! 
Clothe with salvation through Thy name 

'My soul, and let me put on Thee ! 
Be living faith my earthy dress, 
And my best robe Thy righteousness 

Send down Thy likeness from above 
And let this my adorning be ! 

Clothe me with wisdom, patience, love, 
With lowliness and purity, 

Than gold or pearls more precious far, 

And brighter than the morning star." 

I have obtained a number of essays that 
were written by her before she attained 
her senior year in the high school, and I 
have selected the following four for publi- 
cation : 

I. "Leisure Moments. " 

II. "Sweet are the Uses of Adversity/ ' 

III. "Forms of Government/' 

IV. "The Slave Ship of 1619, and the Pil- 

grim Ship of 1620." 


I. Leisure Moments. 

Much might be done that remains un- 
done; much learned of which we are 
ignorant, because we do not employ our 
leisure moments. We think that because 
we have only a few moments nothing of 
account can be done, and allow them to 
slip by unemployed. 

If every moment that is wasted was em- 
ployed we would be astonished, in a short 
time, to find how much we had accom- 
plished. All that is necessary is for us to 
make up our minds to a thing, begin it, 
and then keep to it. 

If a person should read for fifteen min- 
utes each day, at the rate of six pages, 
leaving out Sunday, this would amount to 
one thousand eight hundred and seventy- 
two pages in one year, or nearly five vol- 
umes of four hundred pages each. How 
much information a person could gain who 
should pursue such a course, if he read 
such books as he could gain instruction 
from. But if he spent that time in reading 


trashy novels his time would be wasted, 
and his mind, instead of being strength- 
ened and improved, would be weakened 
and left barren as before. 

Care, then, is necessary that we may em- 
ploy our time in a profitable manner. A 
person physically weak to gain strength 
would not eat sweetmeats, discarding solid 
food; if he did, instead of gaining strength 
he would increase in weakness. So with 
the mind. If a person wishes to gain men- 
tal strength, he must take solid mental 
food; otherwise he will lose instead of gain. 
Our time is profitably employed only when 
we are gaining something mentally. 

II. Sweet are the Uses of Adversity. 

In this world of care and sorrow, where 
we are constantly meeting with unpleasant 
events, it is comforting to know that even 
in adversity the end will be sweet. 

Sometimes afflictions are necessary that 
we may be brought to consider our duty. 


David says : " It is good for me that I have 
been afflicted, that I might learn Thy stat- 
utes/' Now David was a good man, as 
we all know, but like all human beings he 
was apt to neglect duty sometimes, and 
then he felt that afflictions were useful to 
bring him back to the right way. If men 
Could look at afflictions rightly they would 
llot so often complain. Some author has 
very happily explained this in the following 
lines : 

" God nothing does, nor suffers to be done, 
But we would do ourselves, if we could see 
The end of all He does as well as He." 

A person perhaps strays far out of the 
right way, heedless of all good advice, shun- 
ning the company of those who are trying 
to do right, and even turning a deaf ear to 
the voice of the inward monitor ; he goes 
on further and further into wickedness, 
until his wild career is suddenly ended by 
some dreadful accident, and he is brought 
to consider his ways, and is gradually 
brought back to a sense of his duty, to 


God, to himself and to his fellow-man, and 
his life is perhaps entirely changed for the 

Those who are good are made better by 
adversity, just as gold is purified and re- 
fined by being exposed to the heat of a 
furnace. I have read an incident which 
very nicely illustrates this; the substance 
of it is this : 

On a small rocky island, some distance 
from land, lives an old lady, and her house 
is called the " lighthouse/ ' because she 
always puts a light in her window every 
night, that ships coming that way may shun 
the rocks. This she does of her own free 
will, without any payment whatever ; and 
if ships are wrecked, she never rests until 
the poor mariners are all safe under her 
hospitable roof, where she shares with them 
her humble fare. This woman's great care 
for mariners was mainly due to the fact that 
in her younger days she had seen her hus- 
band swallowed up by the angry waves just 
in sight of home and friends ; so ever after 
that she directed her benevolence in this 

88 in memoriaM. 

What a remarkable instance of the sweet 
use of adversity ! If this poor woman had 
not lost the friend nearest to her on earth 
in this way, she would probably never have 
thought of making herself the instrument 
of saving the lives of poor sailors, and 
many a poor man, who through her has 
been restored to family and friends, might 
have been doomed to a watery grave. 

III. Forms of Government. 

Government is simply the exercise of 
power by one person or by many associ- 
ated persons. 

The Bible says, government is ordained 
of God, and believing this we cannot 
doubt that it is of great utility, without it 
life and property would not be safe one 
hour ; if there were no laws to punish 
murder numbers of innocent persons would 
daily be hurried out of existence, the vic- 
tims of anger, revenge, malice and many 
other evils that prevail in the human heart. 


So of robbery and many other crimes ; al- 
though they are not altogether prevented, 
and we are often startled by the seeming 
increase of crime, yet the restraint of 
wholesome laws decreases their number 
and the enormity of them. 

Not only does government protect the 
life and property of its citizens at home, 
but in foreign countries the hand of gov- 
ernment follows to protect them from the 
injuries or insults which they may receive 
from strangers. There is no civilized 
country on the globe where the United 
States could not protect its citizens. 

With the four forms of government all 
are too well acquainted to need an elab- 
orate description here ; the first form, the 
patriarchal, every one understands ; the 
other forms sufficiently define themselves ; 
first, monarchy — from monos, one, and 
archtOy to rule — meaning one ruling or 
ruled by one; aristocracy — from aristos, 
the best, and krater, to govern — the best 
governing ; democracy — from demos, the 
people, and krater y to govern — govern- 
ment by the people. 


There are two kinds of monarchies, 
despotic and constitutional. In a despotic 
government there is no restraint upon the 
emperor's will, except so far as he is led, 
either from kindness or fear, to modify the 
unlimited power of which he is possessed 
and adapt his rule more to the wishes of 
the people. The most powerful despotism 
in Europe is that of Russia, which, in con- 
sequence of ancestral right, is governed 
by a monarch, the Czar. 

A constitutional monarchy is a legal and 
fixed compact between the monarch and 
his subjects, providing for the observance 
of the just rights of both ; this compels the 
monarch to yield, in some respects, to the 
opinions and wants of the people. 

Of the four forms of government we 
consider the republican the best, yet we 
would not selfishly put our government 
before all others ; other governments may 
suit the countries in which they exist as 
well as the republican does our country. 
An American writer has said : " The best 
form of government is that which promotes 


justice and the public prosperity/ ' A 
government which would succeed in a 
highly civilized and enlightened country 
might be of little use in a country that is 
uncivilized and whose inhabitants are ig- 
norant. Chambers, in his article on gov- 
ernment, says : " A difference in the kind 
as well as the degree of civilization of two 
different nations can render the govern- 
ment which works well in one country im- 
practicable in the other/ ' 

The feudal forms of government in 
Europe during the Middle Ages — the hier- 
archy of Thibet or Ancient Egypt and the 
monarchy of Charlemagne — have all been, 
in turn, the best for the particular tribes 
subject to them at the particular period. 

An aristocracy affects only a few who 
have wealth and influence, and in their 
hands all the wealth and power of the 
country are concentrated, and property and 
titles are hereditary. It is not considered 
necessary that the common people be edu- 
cated. Brawn, not Brain, is what is re- 
quired of them. Their laws are made for 
them ; they have but to obey. 


Democratic governments, on the other 
hand, promote the interest of the greater 
number of the inhabitants of a country, 
irrespective of birth or wealth. America 
best represents a democracy. De Tocque- 
villesays: "If there be a country in the 
world where the doctrine of the sovereignty 
of the people can be fairly appreciated, 
where it can be studied in its application 
to the affairs of society, and where its ad- 
vantages may be judged, that country is 
assuredly America." 

Here, however obscure may be a man's 
birth, yet if he be industrious and enter- 
prising he may, by constant application, 
gradually rise to the highest position in 
the nation. 

In a republic, in view of the changing 
circumstances of the people, it is consid- 
ered necessary that all should be educated ; 
this idea of the sovereignty of the people 
and the necessity of their intelligence gives 
rise to the splendid system of free schools 
which exists in America. 

"In this country we have no titled nobil- 


ity ; every honest man is a nobleman. In- 
telligence, integrity and industry are the 
steps to position and wealth, and these the 
son of the poor man may walk up, or the 
son of the rich man may walk down." 

IV. The Slave Ship of 1619, and the 
Pilgrim Ship of 1620. 

In the year 161 9, more than a century 
after the last vestiges of hereditary slavery 
had disappeared from English society and 
from the constitution of England, and six 
years after the commons of France had 
petitioned for the emancipation of every 
slave in every fief, a Dutch man-of-war 
sailed up the James River and landed 
twenty Africans for sale, who had been 
stolen from the coast of Guinea. 

Slavery, when first introduced into Vir- 
ginia, was discouraged by colonial legisla- 
tion, and to prevent its increase, a spe- 
cial tax was levied on female slaves. But 
laborers were necessary and the planters 


soon found the slaves to be of great use to 
them, and as the country became more and 
more thickly settled labor increased, until 
individual necessity counteracted colonial 
legislation, and slavery became one of the 
institutions of America. Having thus 
briefly traced the origin of American slav- 
ery, we now turn to the progress of liberty 
in our land. 

On the 2 2d of December, 1620, a little 
more than a year after the arrival of the 
first slave ship, the " Mayflower " landed 
with a little band of Pilgrims, who had left 
their native land and come to a new and 
strange country that they might have the 
privilege of worshiping God according to 
the dictates of their own consciences. 

Great were the sufferings of the Pilgrims. 
On the bleak shore of a barren wilderness, 
in the midst of desolation, with no shelter 
from the blasts of winter which were howl- 
ing around them, and surrounded with the 
most appalling dangers, the Pilgrims laid 
the foundation of that religious and politi- 
cal liberty upon which the Nation is built. 


" These were the men who produced a 
greater revolution in the world than Co- 
lumbus. He, in seeking for India, discov- 
ered America. They, in pursuit of relig- 
ious freedom, established civil liberty, and 
meaning only to found a church, gave 
birth to a Nation/ ' 

The Pilgrims were the most remarkable 
men that the world has ever produced. 
They were men of limited attainments and 
were outcasts from their native land ; but 
they came not trusting in their own 
strength, but in the arm of God, and patient 
in suffering, despising danger, and ani- 
mated with hope, brought with them a form 
of Christianity which is styled a Democratic 
and Republican religion. 

The * Mayflower ' on New England's coast 

Has furled her tattered sail, 
And through her chafed and moaning shrouds 

December's breezes wail ; 
Yet on that icy deck, behold 

A meek but dauntless band, 
Who for the right to worship God 

Have left their native land. 


And to this dreary wilderness, 
This glorious boon they bring — 

A church without a bishop, 
And a State without a king. 

The Pilgrims of Plymouth must not be 
confounded with the Puritans of Massa- 
chusetts Bay. The principles and practices 
of these two parties differed essentially. 
The Pilgrims, of humbler rank and longer 
removed from the scene of controversy in 
England, were far more tolerant than the 
Puritans and more catholic, allowing a 
wider scope of opinion both in temporal 
and spiritual matters. They refused to be 
parties to the cruelties practiced against 
the Friends on their arrival in America, nor 
did they run into some other excesses 
which are by no means an honor to the 
early history of Massachusetts. 

Let us consider the result of the landing 
of these two ships. Two civilizations have 
sprung from them hostile the one to the 
other ; yet no one could doubt from the 
first which would ultimately triumph. The 
one encouraged free labor and democratic 


institutions, the other frowned down free 
labor and suppressed freedom of opinion. 
The one bestowed honor and courtesy on 
the few, the other honored all men equally. 
The one made ignorance impossible, the 
other made knowledge criminal. 

De Tocqueville says that he can prove 
that the great difference of civilization be- 
tween the North and South has been 
caused by slavery. The last degraded 
labor and lived on the unpaid and com- 
pulsory labor of the slave. 

Such a civilization had within it the seeds 
of organic disease and inevitable death. 
By the other, labor was made a part of 
Christian duty and was fraught with the 
skill, energy and diligence, which freedom 
alone and a vital interest in the work can 
lend to the arm of the laborer. 

The civilization of the North was based 
upon a broad and enduring foundation of 
Christian principles. It recognizes the 
equality of man politically, the universality 
of suffrage, the existence of a mighty uni- 
form class, with equal intelligence univers- 



ally diffused, and the stake which almost 
every man possesses in the progress of the 
country and the stability of the govern- 

An early Pilgrim governor said, as one 
small candle may light a thousand, so the light 
kindled here may in some sort shine even 
to the whole nation. And it has shone — it 
shone through the dark days of the Revo- 
lution, when the nation struggled to free 
itself from the British yoke ; it shone, though 
dimly, through all the long gloomy years 
when the sound of the lash and the cries 
of the slave filled our land and "were 
entering into the ears of the Lord of Sab- 
baoth;" it shone through the dark days of 
the Rebellion, when the Nation struggled 
fiercely with the hydra-headed monster, 
and it guided the "Ship of State' ' safely 
over the billows of war into the harbor of 
peace, and now the dim light breaks into 
a flood of glorious light which envelops 
our land from ocean to ocean and from the 
lakes to the gulf. And since the highest 
and completest efforts of the Nation rest 


upon the intelligence and spiritual devotion 
of the people, it follows that a civilization 
which recognizes the infinite value of the 
soul, the freedom, equality and brother- 
hood of all men, is the most precious pos- 
session which the world holds or the future 
can inherit. 


(§iocpap$icat §fttbg. 

Biography (Greek /?«><?, life, and rp d( P w > I 
write) is the history of the life and char- 
acter of a person. The history of the 
world, then, is a biography upon a large 
scale. There is a story of a man who be- 
came dissatisfied on account of the con- 
stant flow of machinery into the market, by 
the use of which unskilled labor was being 
fairly driven to the wall ; but finally a 
thought occurred to him that offered some 
comfort, and so he exclaimed: "Well, 
they may invent as many machines as 
they please, but one thing is certain, they 
will have to employ men to run them. ,, 
How true that is ! It is man and not 
machinery that manages the affairs of this 

Whatever period of the world's history 



we study, it is, in fact, the lives and accom- 
plishment of men that we are studying. 
Biography, therefore, is the most impor- 
tant of all studies, as it lies at the very 
foundation of all others. Whether it be 
religious or secular history that we read, it 
is not enough simply to ascertain that this 
or that sentiment obtained, but in order to 
an intelligent understanding we must 
study the lives of the people of the par- 
ticular age in question, and especially the 
lives of the men and women who were 
foremost in their day. Who, that does 
not know Mahomet, can know Mahometan- 
ism ? As much can be said of the foun- 
ders and principal adherents of all the 
great religions of the world, and especially 
so of Christianity. Church history is made 
up of the lives and views of men at differ- 
ent periods. All formula passed through 
the polemic crucible and took its final 
shape after the views of different men rep- 
resenting different phases of religious 

In secular history, men and women 


stand out like milestones and monuments. 
Whether they be crowned heads, titled 
noblemen or democratic electors ; whether 
they be sailors, soldiers or statesmen, 
poets, satirists or historians, all, who by 
their influence have shaped the destiny of 
mankind, become the embodiment of sec- 
ular history. 

In a manner peculiar to itself, the history 
of Methodism is the history of men and 
women. Daniel's illustrated history of 
Methodism begins as follows: "The his- 
tory of Methodism opens in the latter part 
of the year 1729 at the University of Ox- 
ford, England, where four young men, 
John Wesley, Charles Wesley, Robert 
Kirkham and William Morgan, had banded 
themselves together for mutual assistance, 
both in scholarship and piety." Those four 
persons did not even dream that they were 
founding a religious sect that was destined 
to vie with the great religious bodies of 
the world for purity of doctrine and life, 
for religious literature, and for numbers of 
adherents and communicants. But this was 


the grain of mustard seed that soon grew 
into a mighty tree, under the boughs of 
which millions find shelter. Within a com- 
paratively short time, John Wesley, the 
founder, was bold enough to say : " The 
world is my parish." But the historian in 
question does not consider himself ready 
to enter fully into a discussion of the pro- 
gress and development of this great mis- 
sionary Church, till he calls our attention 
to the fact that this movement began in 
the reign of George II. The character of 
the ruler and the predominant spirit of the 
age would naturally have much to do with 
the progress of a religious movement that 
was out of harmony with the established 
Church. The first thing that thoughtful 
people would be likely to ask would be, 
" Whence the need of this departure?" 
Hence, unless this was made known by 
the historian, future generations would ask 
the question but in vain. As an apology 
for the movement, Mr. Daniel's makes the 
following statement concerning the king in 
whose reign Methodism was born: "In 


those days it was not the fashion of kings 
to practice the Christian virtues ; indeed, 
the almost universal profligacy of royal 
courts would indicate that it was regarded 
as the high prerogative of kings and 
princes to break all the ten command- 
ments ; and the more frequently they did 
so, the more did they display their dignity 
and royal power, since nothing could be a 
greater proof of royalty than a fearless 
disobedience of the law of God/' 

Reaching back, to show the growth of 
profligacy on the one hand, and the efforts 
at reformation on the other, the writer intro- 
duces us to such names as Luther, Henry 
VIII, Oliver Cromwell, Queens Mary and 
Elizabeth, Bishop Burnett, and a host of 
Christian martyrs. 

The history of American Methodism is 
also introduced by the names of such per- 
sons as Philip Embury, Paul Heck, Bar- 
bara Heck, and a number of others more 
or less prominent in Methodist history. 

And what shall we say for African Meth- 
odism ? Substantially what has been said 


of Wesleyan and American Methodism. 
The history of African Methodism cannot 
be written if the names of Richard Allen, 
Jacob Tapscio, Clayton Durham, James 
Champion, Thomas Webster, Daniel Coker, 
Richard Williams, Henry Harden, Stephen 
Hill, Edward Williams, Richard Gilliard, 
Peter Spencer, Jacob Marsh, Edward Jack- 
son, William Andrews and Reuben Cuff 
are left out. The story of the struggles 
of these illustrious men for religious liberty 
has been told by the founder of African 
Methodism in his autobiography. If a lack 
of love for God and respect for His com- 
mandments can be offered as an apology 
for Wesleyan Methodism, a lack of love 
for man and respect for his religious rights 
can be given with equal propriety for the 
organization of the African Methodist 
Episcopal Church. Probably less preten- 
tious, but certainly no less interesting is 
the history of African Methodism com- 
pared with that of the powerful religious 
denominations which precede it. The men 
who preached its first sermons, fought its 


first battles, and finally laid the foundation 
stones of its organic structure, were men 
without education, without money, without 
social standing and with but nominal free- 
dom ; but they were not without soul, man- 
hood and a good cause. When the last 
vestige of prejudice shall have passed 
away, and a Christian nation is born which 
recognizes the fatherhood of God and the 
brotherhood of man, the Church historian 
will write down these sons of Africa upon 
the list of those whom the world will de- 
light to call great. From the very begin- 
ning, women have been conspicuous in the 
history of the A. M. E. Church. When it 
was necessary to set a watch about the 
pulpit on Saturday night in order to have 
right of way on Sunday, the women were 
found in large numbers, who, like the 
sainted Lucretia Mott, sat with sleepless 
eyes guarding their tender plant of relig- 
ious liberty. Some of them are yet alive 
to bear testimony to these facts; "but 
others have fallen asleep/ y If more Afri- 
can Methodist history — especially in the 


form of biography — were written, it would 
be a means of enlightenment to the present 
generation and enable them to better ap- 
preciate the work of those who labored in 
the past I think there is a hopeful ten- 
dency in this direction. Dr. B. T. Tanner, 
than whom there is no better authority, in 
a recent article says : " No year now passes 
by without the appearance in some quarter 
of our widely extended denomination, and 
from the pen of our own men, some 
pamphlet or book ; and so true is it that 
the words of Solomon may now be fitly 
quoted : " Of making many books there is 
no end." 

While this little work is but a modest 
offering to the list, it is earnestly hoped 
that it will be of real profit to those who 
may chance to read it, in awakening a 
higher appreciation of the life-work and 
character of those who so order their lives 
as to be a blessing to the world. Those 
who live in the present age have in a great 
measure the advantage of those who lived 
in the past, and the accomplishments of 


the present generation should be propor- 
tionately greater. The Church has need 
of men and women who have the work at 
heart. Our educational, missionary and 
Sunday-school work especially need de- 
veloping and extending. The field is large 
and the possibilities for successful effort 
are great. Let those who are in the work 
be inspired with renewed zeal, and let 
others say in the language of the prophet : 
" Here am I, send me," Editor. 



That there was no real necessity for the 
young graduate of the Colored Institute to 
teach school for a livelihood all know who 
are at all acquainted with her family, the 
Bishop, her father, being among the best- 
to-do of the colored citizens of Phila- 
delphia. But with such souls there is a 
necessity more real and dominating in its 
demands than that which arises from the 
lack of temporal comfort. Katie could 
have lived at ease and shared the full 
bounty of her venerable father ; but in- 
stead, she felt that " necessity was laid 
upon" her to do something; and so im- 
mediately upon her graduation in 1872, we 
find her at the head of one of the divisions 
in the Public School of Chester, Pa. The 
following illustration is a representation of 
her at work, in " teaching young ideas how 
to shoot."